And when we look at them as supposedly objective records of the past, we are perhaps distorting their perspective and failing to grasp something of the essential function of oral tradition. Thus I would argue that the early period of Igala history is concerned, with the interaction of a number of different principles of political growth. First there is the problem of variants in the traditions, and particularly the problem of divergence on the question of origins. Political Acrimony: Who Built Igala House? In Igala tradition, for example, a clan can be descended from a leopard, because the leopard symbolizes the principle of royal descent and the inherent right of persons of royal descent to rule over others. Who are we? The Fulani Pastoralist and Violence Accruals: The Nigerian State Policies and the Igala Polity (Pt1), Fulani Pastoralist and Violence Accruals: The Igala and Fulani Interactions in Historical Consciousness (Pt2), IGALA-HAUSA/FULANI RELATIONS (1818-2018): Hausa-Fulani Cattle Colony: What Future? Igala, also spelled Igara, a largely Muslim people of Nigeria, living on the left bank of the Niger River below its junction with the Benue River.Their language belongs to the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo family. Today, I outline broadly for our consideration, the various traditions of Igala origin. Hence, Igala are descended from Egypt, Yemen or Ethiopia. For instance, the royal clan is concerned with legitimating its right to rule, and bases this claim on the principle of descent from older dynasties in other kingdoms. History has to treat, its examples, and the set of circumstances which surrounds them, as given, facts from which to begin analysis. One other aristocratic clan which I should mention is the clan of the Achadu, who is head of the kingmakers and holds the Igala Mela group together-though in fact the Achadu’s clan, like the royal clan, is of immigrant origin and traces its descent to an Ibo who came into the Igala area for hunting. He also implies that the institution of kingship did not exist at Idah before it was introduced there by the Jukun. Tribe like Idomas has 99.9% cultural practice with the Igala, The Igbo of Nsuka an its environs has over 75% cultural affinity with us too. But by his own merits, by the principle of achievement, he becomes head of the kingmakers and unites the indigenous population, represented by the Igala Mela, into a corporate group, which becomes able to exercise ritual authority over the royal group, and over the king in particular. By paying special attention to the Jukun tradition of origin, Clifford gives the impression that other traditions of origin for the Igala kingship were either non-existent or else of no importance. His supposedly historical achievements in fact symbolize the creation of a nation with all its political institutions and its full individuality. As in the Yoruba kingdoms, a strong ruler could improve his position against that of the provincial chiefs. So these school of though tries to suggest that there were many antelopes during the early migrations into the land giving rise to this name. To simplify these problems for discussion, this paper concentrates on internal problems of development, on the influences that contributed to the development and growth of the Igala political and social system. Ukomu IGALA writes President Buhari on cattle colony, Adavi and Ajaokuta to provide 15,000 hectares of land for cattle colony, Kogi State Governor: An Example of a Squandered Opportunity, The Attah Igala Throne and Igala Kingmakers, A call to unity for the greater good of Igala…, Oral Tradition and the History of Igala (Pt I), THE IGALA KINGDOM: 200 years of Expansion, Colonisation and Dispersion…, IGALA NATION: Understanding the times and season, UWÉ ÕMA ÉNÉ DÉ? The Bible refers to Egypt as “the land of Ham” in Psalms.78:51. The Igalapedia Project The Igalapedia project coined from Igala Encyclopedia is an NGO initiated to promote African Culture and Tradition. This claims that the Igala existed before any reliable historical means of recording origin came into existence. The total population of the kingdom in 1962 was around. Those that grew tired on the way stopped wherever they liked and were left behind. The third problem is the problem of separating the political facets of the traditions from their historical functions. It is part of our tradition that is recognized by the society and passed down from one generation to another. They have modified existing structural alignments and catalysed tendencies that were present in the former system. Culture vs Tradition Culture and traditions are similar meaning terms and concepts used commonly by us in conversation. Ayegba is a mythical figure, and in the indigenous perspective of Igala tradition he stands for a long period of creative political evolution, which is not necessarily bound by the conventions of time that we would apply to the possibilities of royal achievement. They act as kingmakers in the political system, and also control an earth cult which symbolizes the fertility and benevolence of the land throughout the Igala kingdom. Ayagba is said, for example, to have defined the external and the internal boundaries of the kingdom, to have created the title system around which the clan system itself revolves, and to have assimilated all the important immigrant groups. Send post to email address, comma separated for multiple emails. Stone age, iron age…. For this reason I begin with a brief sketch of the Igala political system, and try to show how this inevitably brings diversity into the body of oral tradition. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The formation of the ideas, celebrations and notions that comprise today’s quintessential British lifestyle started centuries ago, giving importance and meaning to the people’s existence. Here, I have just recalled the various Different versions of Oral tradition concerning the origin of Idah and the entire Igala have been given. division in the Igala political system between the kind of powers of legislation and sovereignty that are vested in the royal group, and the powers of local administration and eventual control of the royal group that are vested in non-royal clans throughout Igala. In the Igala case it is wrong to assume that the traditions are based on a unilinear concept of time in which events follow one another in the strict order of historical sequence. Their ruler, the ata, traditionally also governed two other groups, the Bassa Nge and the Bass Nkome, who live between the Igala and the Benue River. It has approximately 61 million inhabitants, 96% of whom are Italians. Rule number one: Never forget where you came from. Black colour shows the richness of Igala land. For the most part, the mas… Historical thought on the other hand, to continue the analogy with art, uses facts and events to discover the structure, and to demonstrate the relationship between that structure and the laws of objective reality. Tradition vs. Culture: Why The Japanese Remove Their Shoes Around 2,300 years ago , Japanese people began to wear shoes to aid in rice cultivation. A tradition is also said to be the passing down of elements of a culture from generation to generation, especially by oral communication. So the Onu took all the insignia of his title, even down to the hat that the chief wore, and had all these things placed in a neighbouring town for the second child, who later on became chief of that place. The time-span is conventionally defined by associating each major change, with one reign or one generation. Where did we come from? In return the Oba’s messengers came to Idah and reported back that they were received with great ceremony in which the Ata had followed strictly the custom of their own forefathers, breaking kola for the visitors and invoking their ancestors by name. What does it take to form a sense of an Igala self? Igala kingship has also been connected by tradition with Yoruba, and the explorers who ascended the Niger in the nineteenth century were given various explanations of this connexion.5 Unlike Clifford, we should take all these different claims seriously as forming a set of divergent views about the origin of Igala kingship. Myth constructs its own examples according to its own laws. After this, the new Ata sent his own child back to Benin with a message to say that the elder brother could be given the Oba’s title as he himself was more than satisfied with his new title of Ata. This is tied to the mystery of the number 9 among the Igala. 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