THE ORGANIZATION OF ARMIES : Introduction Since the time of Napoleon, the primary unit around which European armies have been organized has been the "division," a unit that contained all the elements necessary to sustain itself in combat. Fine color aerial pictures from the beginning of Operation Blue, the German summer offensive in Russia 1942.The sharp knife of the German army were the Panzer divisions, which played a key role especially on the Eastern front. Transbaikal front The total strength of the motorized infantry division was fixed at 16,400 men with 2,800 motor vehicles. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1 Kiev front With older field pieces being replaced by more modern guns and howitzers. Thus, the name “assault artillery”, because this is the translation of the original name for this branch in German which was “Sturmartillerie”. Far East Front Until 1944, various minor changes were made to the organization of the 1941 divisional structure, reducing the official TOE to 14,738 men, but slightly increasing the firepower. After the Battle of Lake Khasan and that of Nomonhan, the Soviets generally found the results unsatisfactory, despite their victory. The armored infantry element consisted of two regiments, one of which was equipped with armored infantry fighting vehicles and twelve assault guns Sturmgeschuetz with 7.5 cm guns. Hitler was commander-in-chief of the Wehrmacht, i.e. Although its victory and the subsequent negotiation of the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact secured the Far East during the Soviet-German War, the Red Army was always cautious about the possibility of another larger Japanese incursion in early 1944. The intent of my website limits a full review of all the units and organization during the entire period. On 2 July 1942 Romanian formations forming part of the German 11th Army took Sevastopol, and then moved to the Don region. Subscribe to our newsletter with the latest reports from the war diaries and about World War I & II. This article lists divisions of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces), including the Army, Luftwaffe, and Kriegsmarine, active during World War II.. Upgrades and reorganizations are shown only to identify the variant names for what is notionally a single unit; other upgrades and reorganizations are deferred to the individual articles. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Copyright © 2006-2020 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED - THE OPERATORS OF THIS SITE DISSOCIATE THEMSELVES FROM CONTENTS OF OTHER WEBSITES, WHICH ARE LINKED ON THESE PAGES. The artillery regiment therefore had two ... the attack on Soviet Russia, the organization of the German divisions was identical to that of the Western campaign in 1940. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. Thus it was not possible to place all artillery units within a formation under flexible and central control. Artillery; British Artillery. Not even close, the US army had far superior artillery. To see our complete inventory of optics related items Click Here. There were two main types of self-propelled guns in the German Army during WW2. A German heavy tank battalion with Tiger II (King Tigers) on the Eastern Front in November 1944.Some tank divisions also had a company of Tiger tanks to further increase their fighting power. Very detailed data, photos, etc. German Artillery During the interwar period German army was still using the old 75mm FK 16 and 150mm sFH 13/02. The German Order of Battle: Panzers and Artillery in World War II . Originally the battalion consisted of three motorized companies with light 3.7 cm Pak 36 or 5 cm Pak 38, which were moved by traction vehicles or sometimes on chassis of obsolete tanks. Russian fronts equipped with light tanks and tanks (without heavy tanks) on June 22, 1941 Even if the organizational form was handled flexibly, the battalion could consist of three regular squadrons and a heavy squadron with armored recon cars and self-propelled guns. With only elementary division services, it was around 10,000 men strong. The period of its existence was usually short, either being worn out in prolonged heavy battles or being reassigned back to its original units when the crisis was resolved. However, the most desperate form of organization was the Volksgrenadier divisions as a replacement or supplement to the infantry divisions from the end of 1944. Germany had ten panzer divisions in Normandy, including five from the Waffen SS. The last change in the organization took place in March 1945, when the Panzer Division 1945 was introduced. auf Geschutzwagen 39H(f) self Furthermore the number of Artillery Brigades is 4, in contrast a German Infantry Division in 1914 had only 1 Artillery Brigade. Time to talk about the famous the German assault guns or as they are called in German “Sturmgeschütze”. Artillerie-Division) was a German artillery division formed during World War II in 1943. From 1943, the lack of available replacements for the Wehrmacht began to become apparent, reducing the division’s TOE strength and introducing a new organization. Z. The Artillery Division consisted of mixed artillery regiments of three Abteilungen each, with covering infantry and anti-tank units. The first battalion was completely equipped with infantry fighting vehicles, while the second was moved by lorries. Known as the Infantry Division 1944, this new formation had a strength of 12,772 men as opposed to the 17,734 soldiers of a division in 1939, although its firepower had actually increased. my conclusion is that … Germany could have won the war in Russia if Japan had collaborated seriously by invading at least the Russian Far East, outer Mongolia and raiding Irkustk in Eastern Siberia …. Many of these divisions were formed from the remnants of ordinary, shattered infantry divisions and their quality varied considerably depending on the proportion of experienced soldiers within the division and the allocation of sufficient equipment and armament. Company Imports Trove of M1 Carbines from Ethiopia to Sell in US; US Marine MIA for More Than 70 Years on Tarawa Atoll Returned to Home Town from Pacific Atoll; German Mass Grave Discovered in Stalingrad ; Rocket Propelled Grenades – A One Man Wrecking … Legal Notice - International Military Antiques, Inc observes all Federal, State and local laws. However, an army in an important section could also be significantly strengthened, reaching the size of up to a quarter of a million men. Since this new organizational structure was issued only six weeks before the final surrender, it is quite unlikely that any Panzer Division 1945 ever saw major actions. A civil war would have started in Siberia. Description. Central Asia Front I'm in the fortunate position to combine all my interests with my work and to live on a place of my choice, on Crete. Later, I have learned programming and the development of computer games, and finally with the Internet, also web design. They could also be made ready to fire more quickly. Learn how your comment data is processed. So basically, a British Artillery Brigade is about the same as a German Artillery Battalion in 1914. Most were experienced in the West and Russia. Normally this was the heavy artillery, which was divided into Independent Artillery Sections of 12 guns each, under the command of the corps or army commanders. Similar to the Battle Group there was also the Armeeabteilung (army detachment), which was however numerically stronger and usually consisted of complete formations. Western front One was fitted with an anti-tank gun and the other with an artillery howitzer, like the 10.5cm leFH 18 (Sf.) Artillery; Russian Artillery. This new technology reduced the amount of resources required to deploy one artillery gun. In German. of all German armed forces. In this point, as it is expressed, the Japanese were going to unleash chaos and general confusion as soon as the invasion of the USSR began through subversive operations of infiltrated agents installed in Siberia and Outer Mongolia long before the operation to provoke this civil war in conjunction with the attack on the Soviets. Bombardment may cease after the initial volley or be maintained in Fire For Effect mode, creating a sustained saturation of the area with detonations. The failure of the German High Command to mechanize the German army led to the fact that the Panzer, Panzergrenadier and motorized infantry divisions were overstretched and the infantry divisions were dependent on the feet of their soldiers and horses. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. From the outbreak of the War until the summer of 1943, comparatively only minor changes occurred in the tables of organization of most types of German divisions. New designs were taking the place of the old French based weapons and 105mm and 155mm had become the calibres found in field regiments. The strength of the Panzer Regiment was drastically reduced to 50 tanks and the TOE strength of this division was only 11,400 men. If that December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the USSR instead of Pearl Harbor, the Kremlin could not have launched its winter counteroffensive at the gates of Moscow, this would have been simply deadly for the Red Army, The forces of the Japanese army in total were insufficient for a campaign in the vast maritime spaces of the Pacific, dispersed 5,000 km from their land bases, on the contrary, in Siberia they would have gained a greater concentration of fire and infantry — with secure supplies — as to attract and defeat at least 50 Soviet divisions and their effort would have been coordinated there with that of the German Army. 0 sold, 1 available. Thus, a Napoleonic division (which numbered about 10,000 men) was composed of infantry, artillery, cavalry, and supply units. Verified Purchase. See more ideas about Artillery, German tanks, German army. Recent comments . American Artillery Garrison Cap with red piping. A WW2 assembly line of German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 single-seat fighters.. Peter Grigorenko, the Soviet general who became a dissident after World War II, has confirmed his own perception of the danger they faced if Japan had chosen to attack the north after the Germans invaded Russia from the west. Army personnel were made up of volunteers and conscripts. German Artillery Tactics in World War 2 are a rather obscure subject, very little is written about it. in the hands of Germany. by Ian V. Hogg . Each of the regiments had a company with six 15-cm infantry guns on self-propelled gun carriages Grille and an engineer company. German Army Unit Formations. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. 107 light machine guns, The division fought at the Eastern Front, suffered heavy losses and was disbanded in 1944.. With older field pieces being replaced by more modern guns and howitzers. H057083 CASED 6 X 30 POWER ISSUE FIELD BINOCULARS. German heavy long-range artillery firing at the Russian Front.Before the introduction of the artillery division, many artillery units had already been deployed outside the normal division system. German losses were 38,000, for X Army & XIV Army, not including 15,606 PW. The Artillery Division was planned to make up for this shortage, but the lack of appropriate equipment during this final phase of the war made it less effective than it could have been. guns, and operates in general support of the division. Self-propelled gun and artillery vehicles used by the Germans in World War 2. As such I used mostly primary sources for this video. Developments of the original models led to a wide variety of guns. The organization of the German divisional artillery, like that of our own, includes three battalions of 105-mm. Usually, however, these heavy tanks were in independent Tiger battalions under the direct command of the Army or Army Group. In most of these infantry divisions 1944, the old tripartite organizational form with three battalions per regiment was abandoned and instead only two battalions each were formed, with the addition of supporting infantry guns and anti-tank guns. As Pyotr Grigorenko pointed out, the Red Army came in with a huge advantage in technology, numbers, and firepower, but still suffered heavy losses, which he blamed on poor leadership. German infantry advance through a Russian corn field, summer 1942. The traditions of the former Prussian army were also maintained in the midst of the war during this recruit swearing-in in Potsdam.The Infantry division was still the most important combat unit. potentially for these operations the Japanese were able to count on numerous troops immobilized in Manchuria and China, some 128 divisions (1,930,000 men), It was expected that the attack on the Soviet Union Operation Kantokuen would end quickly, as the Japanese did not want to launch a large-scale war in Siberia, in principle, later this operation would become the entry of the “Siberian Campaign” in which the Japanese and their allies would invade Eastern and Central Siberia. Their design is not too dissimilar to the pre-war and WW1 caps. Furthermore, the Soviet agent Sorge informed the Red Army on September 14, 1941, that Japan would not attack the Soviet Union until: 2. Odessa front Yet, those 4 British Brigades have a total of only 72 guns, which is exactly the same number as the German Brigade, which had 4 Battalions. This division consisted of three infantry regiments (about 2,000 men each), one artillery regiment (2,000 men) and the usual division services. The Volksgrenadier Division consisted of three regiments of two battalions each and one artillery regiment with 24 x 10.5 cm field howitzers, twelve 15 cm howitzers and 18 x 7.5 cm field guns. Comprehensiva German unit organization, using graphic diagrams. By the 1939 Soviet artillery was being upgraded with the old Tsarist guns being replaced by more modern guns and howitzers. Monster Krupp K5 280mm railway gun captured by the Allies in Citavecchia, Italy. Kazakovsev, the chief of operations for the Khabarovsk-based Far Eastern Front, was not confident in the ability of his army group to stop an invasion if the Japanese committed to doing so (at least in 1941-1942), he told Grigorenko in 1941; “If Japan enters the war on Hitler’s side … our cause is hopeless …. During the first months of the war with the Soviet Union, the Motorized Infantry Divisions, which in 1942 became Panzergrenadier Divisions, consisted of two infantry regiments of three battalions each, one artillery regiment and one battalion each of reconnaissance, signals, engineers, anti-aircraft and anti-tank troops as well as the usual supporting division services. The organization and equipment of these divisions changed considerably during the war to adapt to the current demands of armored warfare and the increasing shortage of men and material. World War 2 Photos > German Artillery > 10,5 cm Feldhaubitze. GERMAN SELF-PROPELLED ARTILLERY GUNS OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR By Craig Moore Fonthill Media ISBN: 978 1 78155 695 5. howitzers and 1 battery of 100-mm. In the last year of war, 1945, there were 35 weak tank divisions, including one from the Luftwaffe and seven from the Waffen-SS. The Japanese army, at the beginning of the Chinese-Japanese war, has a force of approximately 1,200,000 men, 2,000 or 2,700 aircraft, 1,800 tanks and 4,500 pieces of heavy artillery, it was organized in 17 divisions, each one had 22,000 men, 8,500 horses, 9,500 Rifles and sub-machine guns, 600 light, medium and heavy machine guns, 108 artillery guns and 24 tanks or armored cars, in addition special forces could be added if the situation required it. The army was led by the Army High Command Oberkommando des Heeres – OKH for short – with its general staff. However due to budget constraints this transmission was Artillery was the one area of ground combat against the Germans where the U.S. not only had superiority of numbers and materiel but also quality, both in terms of weaponry and operational art. For example, the Armeeabteilung Hollidt was formed at the end of 1942 and had three Panzer divisions and four weak infantry divisions as well as two Luftwaffe field divisions. One person found this helpful. Being the first independent mobile artillery force it never raised to its planned strength. The weak point of the artillery organization in the German army, however, was the lack of an advanced fire control system as was standard practice in the British and American armies. Assault Artillery – History & Organization of Assault Gun Units #Stug Life. My name is Norman 'Kretaner' and since my childhood I am interested in history and strategy games. NOTE: VISITING THIS SITE WITH ENABLED AD BLOCKERS IS PROHIBITED ! Self-propelled artillery (also called locomotive artillery) is artillery equipped with its own propulsion system to move towards its firing position. The design, adapted in 1938, weighed about 9,600 pounds and was towed by a prime mover. TOE strength of the most important division types of the German Army 1942-1945, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte-SS-Adolf Hitler, 9th SS Hohenstaufen from Arnhem to the end, Finnish Armed Forces in the Winter War 1939-40, German Orders of Battle – Battle of France, German Orders of Battle – Kursk July 1943, German Orders of Battle – Operation Barbarossa, German Orders of Battle at the armistice with France, German Orders of Battle for September 1, 1939, German Orders of Battle for the campaign in the West, May 1940, Luftwaffe and German Airborne Forces May 1940, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 1942, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 2, 1939. Guns listed by … The feet of the infantrymen and the transport with horses had obvious limitations with the great distances in the Russian steppe. Siberian Front (Central Siberia) German Heavy Field Artillery in World War II: 1934-1645 (Schiffer Military/Aviation History) by Joachim Engelmann. For example, Rundstedt’s Army Group South consisted of three German armies, one tank group and two allied Romanian armies at the beginning of the invasion of the Soviet Union. Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th Century, while others were only formed as late as October 1912. German combat losses, suffered wholly by the Fourteenth Army, were estimated at 27,500 (5,500 killed, 17,500 wounded, and 4,500 prisoners or missing) - figures very similar to Allied losses. Germany lost the Second World War on the Eastern Front. But since more tank divisions were needed, they now had a total strength of 15,600 men with 150 to 200 tanks. In 1944 a new form of organization for tank divisions was introduced, which reduced the TOE strength to 14,727 men and rationalized the tank regiment to two battalions of four companies of 48 tanks each. German Artillery fromWWII and WWI for sale at International Military Antiques. Tables of the unit organization are provided at the end. six 7.5 cm infantry guns, The largest organizational form of the Wehrmacht was the Army Group, whose size varied considerably according to requirements. Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th Century but others were only formed as late as October 1912. It consisted of a tank regiment consisting of two or three tank battalions of three tank companies each, a tank infantry brigade with two or sometimes three regiments, an artillery regiment and the usual support units at division level, which included strong battalions of anti-tank and reconnaissance troops. German designations of foreign artillery in World War II; H. Henschel Hs 297; J. Jagdfaust; K. Krupp K5; M. MG 151 cannon; N. Nebelwerfer; P. Panzerwurfkanone 10H64; R. Reihenwerfer; S. Schwerer Gustav ; Skoda 220 mm howitzer; Skoda K series; Sondergerät SG104 "Münchhausen" V. V-3 cannon; Z. QT. Much importance was attached to reconnaissance information from the battlefield and with a strength of 1,140 men was a very mobile and heavily armed unit. 15cm sFH 13 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 13), 15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18), 15cm sIG 33 (Schweres Infanterie Geschutz 33), 21cm Kanone Eisenbahnlafette (21cm K12(E)), 8.8cm FlaK 18 / FlaK 36 / FlaK 37 (German 88), 85mm Air Defense Gun Model 1939 (M1939) (KS-12 / 52-K), 85mm Air Defense Gun Model 1944 (M1944) (KS-18). Front of Transcaucasia 3. Orel front By January 1943 this number had risen to 226 and by the end of the war there were 240. howitzers, which ordinarily operate in direct support of the three infantry regiments, and one medium battalion. 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